Founded by Michael Delman and Robert Kaufman, McAuliffe opened in September 2002 as the Framingham Community Charter School, the first charter middle school serving the MetroWest. During the 2005 school year, the school became a regional charter school, opening its doors to students from Framingham, Natick, Ashland, Holliston, Sudbury, Southborough, Hopkinton, and Marlborough.
In 2005, the school was also renamed to honor Christa McAuliffe, a native of Framingham, graduate of Framingham State College, accomplished teacher, and astronaut. Her life exemplified the values of adventure and discovery, and her legacy illustrates for young people that with training and teamwork we can overcome challenges that would otherwise seem insurmountable.
In June 2005, McAuliffe graduated its first class of eighth grade students. Those students have now graduated from high school and are attending prestigious colleges including M.I.T., Williams, Dartmouth, UMass Amherst, and the University of Chicago.
In May 2012, McAuliffe was renewed by the Board of Elementary and Secondary Education (BESE) through 2017. Six months later, the BESE approved the schools request to increase enrollment from 306 to 396 students, a result of increased demand in the MetroWest community for a school effectively embracing both academic and character development for middle school scholars.